Уницикл

croudsource, “Unicycle”, public translation into English from English More about this translation.

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Unicycle

Уницикл

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

{{External links|date=May 2012}}

{{External links|date=May 2012}}

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

A '''unicycle''' is a [[human-powered vehicle|human-powered]], [[single-track vehicle]] with one wheel. Unicycles resemble [[bicycle]]s, but are less complex.

Уницикл – средство передвижения, приводимое в движение мускульной силой человека, оснащенное одним колесом. Уницикл похож на двухколесный велосипед, но проще устроен.

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

[[File:Torker Unicycle.JPG|thumb|uprirght=1.35|A [[Torker]] unicycle]]

[[File:Torker Unicycle.JPG|thumb|uprirght=1.35|A [[Torker]] unicycle]]

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

==History==

==История==

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

[[File:If only I had a Continental bicycle tire, advertising poster, ca. 1900.jpg|thumb|upright|"If I only had a Continental bicycle tire." Advertising poster for Continental tires showing a hobo on a unicycle with his dog running beside (ca. 1900).]]

[[File:If only I had a Continental bicycle tire, advertising poster, ca. 1900.jpg|thumb|upright|"Если бы у меня была велосипедная шина Continental" Рекламный плакат шин Continental, изображающий клоуна с собачкой на уницикле (1900-е годы).]]

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

One theory of the advent of the unicycle stems from the popularity of the [[penny-farthing]] (or "Ordinary") during the late 19th century. Since the pedal and cranks were connected directly to the front axle, the rear wheel would go up in the air and the rider would be moved slightly forward. Many penny-farthing owners discovered they could dispense with the frame and just ride the front wheel and handlebars. Evidence for this theory of development can reportedly be found in pictures from the late 19th century showing unicycles with large wheels.<ref>{{cite web

Одна из теорий происхождения уницикла гласит, что он возник благодаря популярности [[пенни-фартинга]], более извесного как "Паук" – велосипеда с большим передним и маленьким задним колесом. Так как его педали крепились непосредственно к передней оси, заднее колесо могло подскакивать на неровностях, и ездок некоторое время двигался на одном колесе. Многие владельцы "Пауков" обнаружили, что они могут ездить, убрав занюю часть рамы и руль. Эту теорию подтверждают изображения унициклов конца 19 века с большими колесами.

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

— У них – Penny Farting или Ordinary, у нас – Паук. girobusan

| url = http://www.unicycle.com/educationarticledetail.asp?CatID=8&ID=38

<ref>{{cite web| url = http://www.unicycle.com/educationarticledetail.asp?CatID=8&ID=38| title = Unicycle.com, Educational Articles: Novelty Unicycles| last = Foss| first = John| accessdate = 2009-01-28}} {{Dead link|date=September 2010|bot=H3llBot}}</ref>

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

| title = Unicycle.com, Educational Articles: Novelty Unicycles

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History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

| last = Foss

<!-- moved -->

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

| first = John

<!-- moved -->

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

| accessdate = 2009-01-28}} {{Dead link|date=September 2010|bot=H3llBot}}</ref>

<!-- moved -->

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

Over the years, unicycle enthusiasts have inspired manufacturers to create new designs, such as seatless ("[[ultimate wheel]]") and tall ("giraffe") unicycles. During the late 1980s some extreme sportsmen took an interest in the unicycle and started off-road unicycling ("MUni", or "mountain unicycling").

С тех пор энтузиасты уницикла вдоховили производителей на создание различных конструкций, например, уницикл без седла ("[[ultimate wheel]]"), высокие унициклы ("Жирафы"). В конце 1980-х годов интерес к унициклу возникает в среде спортсменов-экстремалов, в результате чего был создан "внедорожный" или "горный" уницикл ( "муни", от англ. "MUni", "mountain unicycling").

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

==Construction==

==Конструкция==

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

[[File:Unicycle Hub.JPG|thumb|A unicycle hub]]

[[File:Unicycle Hub.JPG|thumb|Втулка уницикла]]

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

Unicycles have a few key parts:

Уницикл состоит из следующих основных деталей:

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

* The wheel (which includes the [[Bicycle tire|tire]], tube, rim, spokes, hub and axle)

* Колесо (состоящее из велосипедной шины, камеры, обода, спиц, втулки и оси)

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

* The [[Crankset|cranks]]

* [[Шатуны]]

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

* [[Bicycle pedal|Pedals]]

* Велосипедные педали

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

* [[Bicycle fork|Fork]]-style frame

* Вилообразная рама

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

— Как это на техническом языке правильно? girobusan

* [[Seatpost]]

* Подседельный штырь

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

* [[Bicycle saddle|Saddle]] (the seat of the unicycle)

* Седло

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §

The wheel usually looks like a [[bicycle wheel]] with a special hub designed so the axle is a fixed part of the hub. This means the rotation of the cranks directly controls the rotation of the wheel (called [[Direct drive mechanism|direct drive]]). The frame sits on top of the axle bearings, while the cranks attach to the ends of the axle. The seatpost links the frame to the saddle.

Колесо выглядит как велосипедное. Отличие в том, что ось составляет одно целое со втулкой, и вращение педалей напрямую передается колесу. Это называется прямая передача. Рама крепится сверху на подшипники втулки, а шатуны педалей присоединяются к концам оси. Подседельный штырь соединяет раму и седло.

History of edits (Latest: girobusan 3 years, 3 months ago) §
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