Доколумбовы путешествия в Америку

Wikipedia, “Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact”, public translation into Russian from English More about this translation.

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Pomponius Mela writes,[55] and is copied by Pliny the Elder,[56] that Quintus Caecilius Metellus Celer (died 59 BCE), proconsul in Gaul, received "several Indians" (Indi) who had been driven by a storm to the coasts of Germania as a present from a Germanic king:

Metellus Celer recalls the following: when he was proconsul in Gaul, he was given people from India by the king of the Sueves; upon requesting why they were in this land, he learnt that they were caught in a storm away from India, that they became castaways, and finally landed on the coast of Germany. They thus resisted the sea, but suffered from the cold for the rest of their travel, and that is the reason why they left.[55]

It is unclear whether these castaways may have been people from India or Eastern Asia, or possibly American Indians. Edward Herbert Bunbury suggested that they were Finns.[citation needed] This account is open to question, since Metellus Celer died just after his consulship, before he ever got to Gaul.

The Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca head

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History of edits (Latest: freakson 8 years, 9 months ago) §

Romans, Greeks, and Phoenicians

Римляне, древние греки и финикийцы

History of edits (Latest: freakson 8 years, 9 months ago) §

See also: Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca head

Evidence of contacts with the civilizations of Classical Antiquity—chiefly the Roman Empire, but sometimes also with Greece, Carthage, and other Phoenician cities, and other cultures of the age—have been based on isolated alleged archaeological finds in American sites that originated in the Old World. The disputed Bat Creek Inscription is one example.

In 1933, in the Toluca Valley, 72 kilometres southwest of Mexico City, a small terracotta head, showing a beard and European-like features, was found in a burial offering under three intact floors of a pre-colonial building dated between 1476 and 1510. The artifact has been studied by Roman art authority Bernard Andreae, director emeritus of the German Institute of Archaeology in Rome, Italy, and Austrian anthropologist Robert von Heine-Geldern, both of whom stated that that the style of the artifact was compatible with small Roman sculpture of the 2nd century. In 1999, the head was dated by thermoluminescence to 870 BCE–1270 CE.[57] While it is often dismissed as a deliberately planted hoax, perhaps intended as a joke,[58] if genuine and if not placed there after 1492 the find provides evidence for at least a one-time contact between the Old and New Worlds.[59]

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