Praxeologia - Episódio 2 - Metodologia

Praxgirl, “Praxeology - Episode 2 - Methodology”, public translation into Portugese from English More about this translation.

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Praxeology - Episode 2 - Methodology

Praxeologia - Episódio 2 - Metodologia

History of edits (Latest: rafaelalisson 6 years, 2 months ago) §

Hi guys, Praxgirl here.

Olá, sou Praxgirl.

History of edits (Latest: Tafael 5 years, 5 months ago) §

In our introduction, I defined Praxeology as “the logic of human action” and, as a science. In this lesson I’d like to define the approach Praxeology takes in studying human action and deriving universal laws.

Na introdução eu defini Praxeologia como "a lógica da ação humana" e como uma ciência. Nessa lição eu quero definir a maneira como ela estuda a ação e deriva leis universais.

History of edits (Latest: rafaelalisson 6 years, 2 months ago) §

Unlike the sciences of Chemistry or Physics, when approaching human beings, Praxeology has to employ a method of acquiring knowledge that does not rely on observation but on discursive reasoning. Or we may say: logical deduction.

Ao contrário de outras ciências, como Química ou Física, a praxeologia emprega um método de aquisição de conhecimento que não se baseia na observação, mas no raciocínio discursivo. Ou podemos dizer: dedução lógica.

History of edits (Latest: Tafael 5 years, 5 months ago) §

The laws of human action that Praxeology is able to arrive at are necessarily true and universal, because they're logically implied by simple, undeniable facts. What would make a fact undeniable? A fact is undeniable when any attempt to deny it must prove it to be true. Once we state one of these undeniable facts, we’re able to discover further implied truths that hold at all times and to all individuals regardless of sex, race, creed or color. As long as the implied arguments are valid and their premises based on the initial undeniable truth, the soundness in every step of the logical chain is incontestable.

As leis da ação humana que a praxeologia é capaz de chegar são, necessariamente, verdadeira e universal, porque eles são uma conseqüência lógica de simples fatos inegáveis. O que faria um fato inegável? Um fato é inegável, quando qualquer tentativa de negá-lo deve provar que é verdade. Uma vez que indicar um desses fatos inegáveis, somos capazes de descobrir verdades mais implícitas que mantêm em todos os momentos e para todos os indivíduos independentemente do sexo, raça, credo ou cor. Enquanto os argumentos implícitas são válidas e suas instalações baseada na verdade inicial inegável, a solidez em todas as etapas da cadeia lógica é incontestável.

History of edits (Latest: Tafael 5 years, 5 months ago) §

The starting point of Praxeology is an undeniable truth itself, and a very easy one to remember:

Human action is purposeful behavior.

It’s from this undeniable fact that all of Praxeology as a science is deduced. This fact or “axiom” is undeniable because as we stated before, if you try to deny that humans action is purposeful, you would be acting purposefully yourself! It should be easy to see why logical deduction is the only necessary and fitting method to come to this conclusion.

É a partir deste fato inegável que a ciência da praxeologia é deduzido. Este fato ou "axioma" é inegável, pois como dissemos antes, se você tentar negar que a ação humana é proposital, você estaria agindo deliberadamente! O único método necessário e adequado para chegar a essa conclusão deve ser feitapor dedução lógica.

History of edits (Latest: Tafael 5 years, 5 months ago) §

Before I go on, you might be asking yourself: is it appropriate to study human action through observation or what scientists like to call induction? To answer this we need only to consider the the separation between the objects that sciences like Chemistry or Physics study and the unique characteristic of human beings that we stated before in our axiom. These sciences can plot out the courses of stones, atoms or planets through cause and effect, but humans differ categorally in one key way: human beings act! They have goals and purposes, and they try to achieve those goals.

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