Список популярных предубеждений

Wikipedia, “List of common misconceptions”, public translation into Belarusian from English More about this translation.

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List of common misconceptions

Список популярных предубеждений

History of edits (Latest: gasyoun 4 years, 5 months ago) §

This list describes fallacious ideas and beliefs that are documented and widespread as well as the actual facts concerning those ideas, where appropriate. Inclusion criteria are as follows: a misconception's main topic must have its own article; the misconception must have reliable source(s) which assert that it is a common misconception (or synonym thereof); the misconception and its reference(s) must be present in the topic article; and the misconception must be modern rather than ancient or obsolete.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Ancient to early modern history

1.2 Modern history

2 Legislation and crime

3 Food and cooking

4 Science

4.1 Astronomy

4.2 Biology

4.2.1 Evolution

4.3 Chemistry

4.4 Human body and health

4.4.1 The senses

4.4.2 Skin and hair

4.4.3 Nutrition, food, and drink

4.4.4 Human sexuality

4.4.5 The brain

4.4.6 Disease

4.4.7 Miscellaneous

4.5 Mathematics

4.6 Physics

4.7 Psychology

5 Sports

6 Religion

6.1 Book of Genesis

6.2 Buddhism

6.3 Christianity

6.4 Islam

7 Technology

7.1 Inventions

7.2 Transportation

8 See also

9 References

10 Further reading

History

See also: List of misquotations

Ancient to early modern history

In ancient Rome, Romans did not build rooms called vomitoria in which to purge themselves after a meal.[1] Vomitoria were the entranceways through which crowds entered and exited a stadium.[2]

There is no evidence that Vikings wore horns on their helmets.[3][4]

There is no evidence that iron maidens were invented in the Middle Ages or even used for torture, despite being shown so in some media, but instead were pieced together in the 18th century from several artifacts found in museums in order to create spectacular objects intended for (commercial) exhibition.[5]

Christopher Columbus's efforts to obtain support for his voyages were not hampered by a European belief in a flat Earth. Sailors and navigators of the time knew that the Earth was spherical, but (correctly) disagreed with Columbus's estimate of the distance to India, which was approximately 1⁄6th of the actual distance. If the Americas did not exist, and had Columbus continued to India, he would have run out of supplies before reaching it at the rate he was traveling. Without the ability to determine longitude at sea, he could not have corrected his error.[clarification needed] This problem remained unsolved until the 18th century, when the lunar distance method emerged in parallel with efforts by inventor John Harrison to create the first marine chronometers. The intellectual class had known[6] that the Earth was spherical since the works of the Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle.[7] Eratosthenes made a very good estimate of the Earth's diameter in the third century BC.[8][9] (See also: Myth of the Flat Earth)

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