Translations of this material:
- into Russian: Индивидуалистический феминизм. Translated in draft, editing and proof-reading required.
Submitted for translation by anarchofront 21.06.2011
Individualist feminism (sometimes also grouped with libertarian feminism or ifeminism) is a term for feminist ideas which seek to celebrate or protect the individual woman.
Individualist feminists attempt to change legal systems in order to eliminate class privileges and gender privileges and to ensure that individuals have equal rights, including an equal claim under the law to their own persons and property. Individualist feminism encourages women to take full responsibility for their own lives. It also opposes any government interference into the choices adults make with their own bodies because, it contends, such interference creates a coercive hierarchy (such as patriarchy).
The Association of Libertarian Feminists, founded in 1973 by Tonie Nathan, former vice-presidential candidate of the Libertarian Party, is one of a number of different kinds of individualist feminist organizations. It takes a strong anti-government and pro-choice stand. Other libertarian feminist organizations include Mothers for Liberty, the Mother's Institute, and the Ladies of Liberty Alliance.
Wendy McElroy and Christina Hoff Sommers define individualist feminism in opposition to what they call political or gender feminism. Some scholars and critics have commented that the label "feminist" is often used cynically in this context, as a way to co-opt general feminism rather than actually be part of feminism. Other scholars note that individualist feminism has a long history that is somewhat different in tone that currently advocated by McElroy and Sommers.
Ezra Heywood – (1829–1893)
Voltairine de Cleyre – (November 17, 1866 – June 20, 1912)
Dora Marsden – (March 5, 1882 – December 13, 1960)
Suzanne La Follette – (June 24, 1893 – April 23, 1983)
Tonie Nathan – (February 9, 1923–present)
Joan Kennedy Taylor – (December 21, 1926 – October 29, 2005)
Sharon Presley – (1943–present)
Christina Hoff Sommers - (1950-present)
Wendy McElroy – (1951–present)
Cathy Young – (1963–present)
Tiffany Million – (April 6, 1966–present)
Libertarian perspectives on abortion
2. McElroy, Wendy, ed (2002). Liberty for Women: Freedom and Feminism in the 21st century. Ivan R. Dee, Publisher. ISBN 978-1-56663-435-9.
3. Reclaiming the Mainstream: Individualist Feminism Rediscovered (Prometheus, 1992) and What to Do When You Don't Want to Call the Cops: A Non-Adversarial Approach to Sexual Harassment by Joan Kennedy Taylor (New York University Press, 1999)
9. McElroy, Wendy (2002). Liberty for Women: Freedom and Feminism in the 21st century. Ivan R. Dee, Publisher. ISBN 978-1-56663-435-9.
10. Sommers, Christina Hoff (1995). Who stole feminism?: how women have betrayed women. New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 320. ISBN 0-684-80156-6.
11. NPR. Transcripts available here: http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=NR&p_theme=nr&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&s_siteloc=TRANSCRIPT&d_origin=newtranscript&p_field_label-0=Topics&p_text_label-0=94369835&s_dispstring=topics(94369835)&xcal_numdocs=20&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&xcal_useweights=no
12. The Washington Post "Sommers's book is a work of neither dispassionate social science nor reflective scholarship; it is a conservative polemic. Sommers focuses... on the feminists and cultural liberals against whom she has a long-standing animus... This intemperate book is a hindrance to such conversation."
13. Reclaiming the Mainstream: Individualist Feminism Rediscovered (Prometheus, 1992 by Joan Kennedy Taylor (New York University Press, 1999)
Uncivil Liberty: An Essay to Show the Injustice and Impolicy of Ruling Woman Without Her Consent (1873) by Ezra Heywood one of first individualist feminist essays, by Ezra Heywood
Voltairine de Cleyre: The Exquisite Rebel
Libertarian Feminism: Can This Marriage Be Saved?
"Feminism in Liberty" by Sharon Presley.
Liberal Feminism, essay including discussion of libertarian feminism
Reclaiming the Mainstream: Individualist Feminism Rediscovered by Joan Kennedy Taylor. Prometheus Books, 1992.
Davies, S. (1987). Libertarian Feminism in Britain, 1860-1910. Libertarian Alliance Pamphlet, no. 7.
Association of Libertarian Feminists
Pro Choice Libertarians
Women's Freedom Network
Libertarianism: To Women
The Mother's Institute
Ladies of Liberty Alliance (LOLA)
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