Gentoo Linux x86 Handbook 2008

Translations of this material:

into Russian: Руководство Gentoo Linux 2008 x86. Translated in draft, editing and proof-reading required. Completed: 51%.
Submitted for translation by Supervisor 07.08.2008


Sven Vermeulen Author

Grant Goodyear Author

Roy Marples Author

Daniel Robbins Author

Chris Houser Author

Jerry Alexandratos Author

Seemant Kulleen Gentoo x86 Developer

Tavis Ormandy Gentoo Alpha Developer

Jason Huebel Gentoo AMD64 Developer

Guy Martin Gentoo HPPA developer

Pieter Van den Abeele Gentoo PPC developer

Joe Kallar Gentoo SPARC developer

John P. Davis Editor

Pierre-Henri Jondot Editor

Eric Stockbridge Editor

Rajiv Manglani Editor

Jungmin Seo Editor

Stoyan Zhekov Editor

Jared Hudson Editor

Colin Morey Editor

Jorge Paulo Editor

Carl Anderson Editor

Jon Portnoy Editor

Zack Gilburd Editor

Jack Morgan Editor

Benny Chuang Editor

Erwin Editor

Joshua Kinard Editor

Tobias Scherbaum Editor

Xavier Neys Editor

Joshua Saddler Editor

Gerald J. Normandin Jr. Reviewer

Donnie Berkholz Reviewer

Ken Nowack Reviewer

Lars Weiler Contributor

Updated July 7, 2008


Installing Gentoo

In this part you learn how to install Gentoo on your system.

About the Gentoo Linux Installation

This chapter introduces you to the installation approach documented in this handbook.

Choosing the Right Installation Medium

You can install Gentoo in many ways. This chapter explains how to install Gentoo using the minimal Installation CD although installation through the Installer LiveCD is possible as well.

Configuring your Network

To be able to download the latest source code, you will need to setup networking.

Preparing the Disks

To be able to install Gentoo, you must create the necessary partitions. This chapter describes how to partition a disk for future usage.

Installing the Gentoo Installation Files

Gentoo installs work through a stage3 archive. In this chapter we describe how you extract the stage3 archive and configure Portage.

Installing the Gentoo Base System

After installing and configuring a stage3, the eventual result is that you have a Gentoo base system at your disposal. This chapter describes how to progress to that state.

Configuring the Kernel

The Linux kernel is the core of every distribution. This chapter explains how to configure your kernel.

Configuring your System

You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to proceed.

Installing Necessary System Tools

In this chapter we help you choose and install some important tools.

Configuring the Bootloader

Several bootloaders exist for the x86 architecture. Each one of them has its own way of configuration. We step you through the process of configuring a bootloader to your needs.

Finalizing your Gentoo Installation

You're almost done. We'll just create one (or more) users for your system.

Where to go from here?

Now you have your Gentoo system, but what's next?

Working with Gentoo

Learn how to work with Gentoo: installing software, altering variables, changing Portage behaviour etc.

A Portage Introduction

This chapter explains the "simple" steps a user definitely needs to know to maintain the software on his system.

USE flags

USE flags are a very important aspect of Gentoo. In this chapter, you learn to work with USE flags and understand how USE flags interact with your system.

Portage Features

Discover the features Portage has, such as support for distributed compiling, ccache and more.


Gentoo uses a special initscript format which, amongst other features, allows dependency-driven decisions and virtual initscripts. This chapter explains all these aspects and explains how to deal with these scripts.

Environment Variables

With Gentoo you can easily manage the environment variables for your system. This chapter explains how you do that, and also describes frequently used variables.

Working with Portage

"Working with Portage" provides an in-depth coverage of Portage, Gentoo's Software Management Tool.

Files and Directories

Once you want to know Portage in-depth you need to know where it stores its files and data.

Configuring through Variables

Portage is completely configurable through various variables you can set in the configuration file or as environment variable.

Mixing Software Branches

Gentoo provides software separated in several branches, depending on stability and architectural support. "Mixing Software Branches" inform you how these branches can be configured and how you can override this separation individually.

Additional Portage Tools

Portage comes with a few extra tools that might make your Gentoo experience even better. Read on to discover how to use dispatch-conf and other tools.

Diverting from the Official Tree

"Diverting from the Official Tree" gives you some tips and tricks on how to use your own Portage tree, how to synchronise only the categories you want, inject packages and more.

Gentoo Network Configuration

A comprehensive guide to Networking in Gentoo.

Getting Started

A guide to quickly get your network interface up and running in most common environments.

Advanced Configuration

Here we learn about how the configuration works - you need to know this before we learn about modular networking.

Modular Networking

Gentoo provides you flexible networking - here you are told about choosing different DHCP clients, setting up bonding, bridging, VLANs and more.

Wireless Networking

Wireless isn't straightforward. Hopefully we'll get you working!

Adding Functionality

If you're feeling adventurous, you can add your own functions to networking.

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